SHANGHAI, Sept. 30, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Emerging as a discipline in the early twentieth century, comparative education serves to scrutinize various education systems, such as those of different nations, through a comparative lens. However, scholars note that an “exclusively national” view of comparative education studies has become outdated. Instead of borrowing or linear comparison, there has never been a better time than the present to re-examine our educational systems, policies, and practices, looking into the complexity and tensions associated with our social and educational reality caused by the global-national-local impacts.
China has witnessed a remarkable development in its national education system. This has been made possible, in part, thanks to the nation’s formal educational collaboration with Canada. This partnership started shortly after the two countries established diplomatic relations in 1970. The Government of Canada offered several monetary grants towards education and programs which helped Chinese students and scholars rebuild China’s teaching and research infrastructure in higher education.
In recognition of the changing landscape of comparative education studies and the bilateral communication and collaboration on education between China and Canada, the new special issue of the ECNU Review of Education titled “Comparative Research on Teacher education in China, Canada, and Beyond” publishes 11 thought-provoking and well-researched articles by scholars from Canada and China.
In the first article, Dr. Zhou and his team examine how an exchange program between Chinese and Canadian universities impacted Chinese science teacher candidates’ understanding of science education. The exchange led to a modified relationship in the classroom environment between teachers and students. These cross-cultural learnings from exchange students would then enable policymakers to add on to the development of an enhanced learning process.
In another article, Dr. Guo and her co-author explore different forms of racism and exclusion in international teacher programs. Through a collection of data from public documents, surveys and interviews, researchers have broken the myth of social inclusion in international societies. Shedding light on this discrimination, the authors suggest the decolonization of curriculum and internationalization of teacher educators for a more inclusive education system.
The link between neoliberalism and economic sanctions towards education has not quite been explored before. This article by Dr. Hwami explores how these sanctions adversely impact education. International economic sanctions are deemed as “neoliberalism’s instrument of coercion” and a weapon to impose Western values on other countries which hold different views on the free market system. It aims to create a homogenous educational policy framework that gives no space to diversity, which has created a crisis in pedagogy. The article calls upon academics to fulfil their duties, defending critical scholarship.
Self-assessment by teachers is an effective way of improving the quality of teaching. Dr. Pang examines how teachers self-assessed their work with a given set of strategies in this article. Another article by Dr. Shen and colleagues explore the roles of teacher-research officers in mainland China to understand how they contribute to the education system.
“We hope that we have presented a thoughtful and stimulating collection and look forward to more solid theoretical and/or empirical research on comparative and international education” says Dr. Zheng, the author of this issue’s editorial.
Due to be released in September 2022, this special issue promises to yield a fresh perspective on comparative education in a transnational context.
Title of original paper: Teacher Education in China, Canada, and Beyond: From Comparativeness to Modernity
Journal: ECNU Review of Education
+86 (21) 62224545
SOURCE ECNU Review of Education